After the overthrow, Pedro Santana, one of the leaders in the revolution, became the first president of the Dominican Republic.
The complex heritage of Arawak, Spanish, African, and French traditions, plus an early independence, set the Dominican Republic apart from other Caribbean islands.
To the north of Hispaniola is the Atlantic Ocean, to the south the Caribbean Sea, to the east Puerto Rico, and to the west Cuba.
In addition, they retain close ties with the United States, which occupied the island in the early twentieth century.The national community is struggling to build a democracy against a corrupt and authoritarian political elite. The Dominican Republic is located on the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola and is 18,816 square miles (48,734 square kilometers), about twice the size of New Hampshire.The diverse geography of the country includes 800 miles (1,288 kilometers) of coastline with beautiful white-sand beaches and rocky cliffs and warm water, all of which are attractive to tourists.The most significant river in the country, with a drainage basin of 2,720 square miles (7,044 square kilometers), is Yaque del Norte, which starts at Pico Duarte and empties into the Bahia de Monte Cristi on the northwest coast.The mountains of the Dominican Republic divide the country into northern, central, and southwestern regions.
The northern region includes the Cordillera Septentrional (northern mountain range), the Cibao Valley, which is the country's major agricultural area; and the tropical Samaná Peninsula with its coconut plantations and bay, where humpback whales breed.
The western portion of the island is occupied by the republic of Haiti.
Hispaniola is near the center of the West Indies, a group of islands that extend from Florida to Venezuela.
The weather is mostly tropical, especially along the southern and eastern coasts.
The time and magnitude of the rainy season varies in different parts of the country, but generally occurs in late spring and early fall.
Dominicans have migrated from rural areas to the cities.