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In this region, late antique, or Christian, architectural traditions merged with the pre-Islamic Arabian heritage of the conquerors.

Recent research on the history of Islamic art and architecture has revised a number of colonialistic ideas.

Domes are a major structural feature of Islamic architecture.

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Domes remain in use, being a significant feature of many mosques and of the Taj Mahal in the 17th century.The distinctive pointed domes of Islamic architecture, also originating with the Byzantines and Persians, Distinguishing motifs of Islamic architecture have always been the mathematical themes of ordered repetition, radiating structures, and rhythmic, metric patterns.This can be seen at a large scale in their major work, the Great Mosque of Córdoba.built on the site of the basilica of John the Baptist after the Islamic invasion of Damascus, still bore great resemblance to 6th and 7th century Christian basilicas.Specifically, the following questions are currently subject to renewed discussions in the light of recent findings and new concepts of cultural history: Compared to earlier research, the assimilation and transformation of pre-existing architectural traditions is investigated under the aspect of mutual intra- and intercultural exchange of ideas, technologies and styles as well as artists, architects, and materials.

In the area of art and architecture, the Rise of Islam is seen as a continuous transformation process leading from late Antiquity to the Islamic period.

The principal Islamic architectural types for large or public buildings are: the Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace and the Fort.

From these four types, the vocabulary of Islamic architecture is derived and used for other buildings such as public baths, fountains and domestic architecture.

Many of the buildings which are mentioned in this article are listed as World Heritage Sites.

Some of them, like the Citadel of Aleppo, have suffered significant damage in the ongoing Syrian Civil War.

The Hagia Sophia in Istanbul also influenced Islamic architecture.