The original structure was burned down by rebellious Kumeyaay in 1775.
Kumeyaay resistance more often took the form of non-cooperation (in forced labor), return to their homelands (desertion of forced relocation), and raids on mission livestock (wikipedia.org).MISSION SAN DIEGO DE ALCALA, March 26, 1776 Captain Fernando Rivera y Moncada violated ecclesiastical asylum at Mission San Diego de Alcalá on March 26, 1776 when he forcibly removed a 'neophyte' in direct defiance of the padres.MISSION SAN DIEGO DE ALCALA The Mission San Diego de Alcalá pictured in 2008.This structure is thought to be the fourth Mission San Diego de Alcalá to be built (wikipedia.org).The earliest documented inhabitants in what is now San Diego County are known as the San Dieguito Paleo-Indians, dating back to about 10,000 B. Different groups later evolved as the environment and culture diversified. Clear and convincing historical records: Most everywhere we find granite boulders in Southern California, we can observe these types of man-made holes, dimples or impressions in the rocks timely reminders of California's original peoples.
It is from one of these groups that the Southern Diegueño emerged at about 3,000 B. The Southern Diegueño are the direct ancestors of the Sycuan Band currently living in Dehesa Valley.... Above: A young California Indian girl demonstraits how her ancestors used the granite boulders as grinding stone tools to prepare food.Southern California has always been a haven of good weather, and good life. With ideal climate, and a land that they cared for and in turn provided a bounty of crops, game, and medicine. She is pictured on her reservation holding a large "mano" stone above a very old hole worn into a granite boulder, San Diego County, 2006.With little to no thought given to hardship of survival, the Kumeyaay were able to turn their thoughts to ways to improve their life. Traditional Kumeyaay food sources such as acorns and pine seeds, for example, were placed in these holes, then smashed and ground into meal using a mano stone tool.SO-CALLED MODERN EXPERTS have detailed Kumeyaay history in numerous books and articles, so my essay reflects a general overview, a timeline of California tribal history in San Diego County with LINKS to Kumeyaay historical experts and how to identify and research San Diego County tribes on the Internet including Pretty 18-year-old Citlalli Salazar, Kumiai models an antique basket hat (probably desert Cahuilla).Her Baja California ejido pictured in background, a rare old Kumeyaay polychrome olla clay artifact to right. Perhaps no ancient artifact weathers the passage of time more convincingly than exposed granite pictured above is a large yoni sculpture carved in granite rock, and deep impressions drilled in a granite boulder called motars, morteres, metates, grinding holes.Right map highlights the historical Kumeyaay ancestral homeland in gray prior to European intrusion the dots on the modern left map show present-day locations of the seventeen small Kumeyaay Indian reservations at the turn of the 21st century.