Theophanes the Confessor first mentioned the name Varna, as the city came to be known with the Slavic conquest of the Balkans in the 6th to 7th centuries.
The name could be of Varangian origin, as Varangians had been crossing the Black Sea for many years, reaching Constantinople in the early Middle Ages.
Local goldsmiths used gold and silver to produce typical Thracian plate armour, ceremonial ornaments for the horses of the kings and the aristocracy, as well as valuable pateras and ritons.Despite ethnic diversity, numerous internal and external conflicts, and cultural differences, the populations of northeastern Bulgaria and the cities along the seashore have demonstrated stable tolerance to each other.From top left: Asparuhov most, Black Sea beach, Euxinograd, Varna Archaeological Museum, Stoyan Bachvarov Dramatic Theatre, Dormition of the Mother of God Cathedral, Drazki torpedo boat, Navy Club, Palace of Culture and Sports, Ancient Roman baths, Varna Ethnographic Museum) is the third-largest city in Bulgaria and the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.Situated strategically in the Gulf of Varna, the city has been a major economic, social and cultural centre for almost three millennia.Characteristic for their culture weapons and bronze objects are found all over the region.
Scythian horse ornaments are produced in a stylish style, called “animal style”, which is very close to the Thracian style, a possible explanation for the frequent mixture of both folks in northeastern Thrace.An example of their, probably accidental, presence, is the tumulus dated 8th–7th c. The region around Odessos was densely populated with Thracians long before the coming of the Greeks on the west seashore of the Black Sea. Around the city [Odessos] lives the Thracian tribe named Crobises." This is also evidenced by various ceramic pottery, made by hand or by a Potter's wheel, bronze ornaments for horse-fittings and iron weapons, all found in Thracian necropolises dated 6th–4th c.BC near the villages of Dobrina, Kipra, Brestak and other, all in Varna Province.The Thracians in the region were ruled by kings, who entered into unions with the Odrysian kingdom, Getae or Sapaeans—large Thracian states existing between 5th–1st c. Between 336–280 BC these Thracian states along with Odessos were conquered by Alexander the Great.Archaeological findings have indicated that the population of northeast Thrace was very diverse, including the region around Odessos. BC the region was populated with Scythians who normally inhabited the central Eurasian Steppe (South Russia and Ukraine) and partly the area south of river Istros (the Thracian name of lower Danube).The city is referred to as the maritime capital of Bulgaria and headquarters the Bulgarian Navy and merchant marine.