Preexisting medical conditions such as high blood pressure and heart and lung disease may increase the chance of developing undesirable side effects.
Normal or uncomplicated results for sedation include alleviation of anxiety and discomfort.
The patient is unable to cooperate, has labile (fluctuating) vital signs, prolonged recovery room convalescence, and higher risk of anesthetic complications.
In patients with preexisting lung and/or heart disease, these medications should be monitored closely or not prescribed.The future of anesthetic care involves the simultaneous administration of several drugs including IV medications and inhaled anesthetics.The procedure for sedation is usually explained to the patient by an attending clinician.An IV access line is set in place for fluid replacement and injection of medications.The day before the test, the patient may be required to maintain specified dietary restriction.
For outpatient surgery there are two types of sedation, conscious and unconscious sedation.
Because of these additive effects, these medications taken with other sedatives or alcohol (also a sedative hypnotic drug) may increase chances for accidental death.
In general, most of the medications that induce sedation may alter breathing and cardiac stability.
Patients receiving conscious sedation are cooperative, have stable vital signs (pulse, respiratory rate, and temperature), shorter recovery room convalescence, and lower risk of developing drug-induced complications.
Unconscious sedation is a controlled state of anesthesia, characterized by partial or complete loss of protective nerve reflexes, including the ability to independently breathe and respond to commands.
A history is usually taken to assess risk and choice of medication.